What is a Piano? An Overview of the Piano

Concept of the Piano

The Piano is a stringed keyboard instrument that produces sound through the use of a keyboard. When a player presses a key, felt-covered hammers strike the strings, producing rich and melodious tones. The piano is considered one of the most popular musical instruments in the world, used in various music genres from classical to modern. It is favored by many music enthusiasts for its ability to express diverse, rich sounds and convey powerful emotions.

Characteristics of the Piano

Let’s explore the basic characteristics of a piano:

  1. Sound: Rich, diverse, capable of expressing a wide range of emotions.
  2. Performance Ability: Versatile, can be played solo or in combination with other instruments.
  3. Construction: Intricate, complex, with many parts working in harmony.
  4. Size: Large and heavy, requiring ample space.
  5. Cost: High, especially for acoustic pianos.
  6. Durability: High, can be used for a long time if well-maintained.
  7. Technique: Requires good skills and regular practice.
  8. Benefits: Enhances brain development, hones skills, relieves stress, and nurtures the soul.

Types of Pianos

Currently, there are three popular types of pianos:

Acoustic Piano

The Acoustic Piano is a stringed keyboard instrument that produces sound through mechanical means.

  1. Grand Piano: Known for its large size, long, low, and wide shape, reaching up to 3 meters. With its unique design, the grand piano is considered an art piece, often placed in spacious, luxurious settings like theaters and symphony orchestras.
  2. Upright Piano: A more compact version of the grand piano with a vertical, rectangular shape.
  3. Silent Piano: An acoustic piano equipped with modern technology allowing for quiet practice. It is small, ranging from 0.9 to 1 meter in height.

Electric Piano

The Electric Piano is a popular modern version of the acoustic piano, utilizing electronic technology to simulate the sound and feel of an acoustic piano.

With a compact size, diverse price range, and many supporting features, electric pianos are increasingly popular. Their sound can be adjusted, and they are easily portable, making them suitable for beginners, families with children, or small apartments.

Hybrid Piano

A Hybrid Piano combines the mechanisms of an acoustic piano with digital sound technology, offering a new playing experience. It retains the wooden keys and the tactile feel of an acoustic piano while incorporating modern functions like adjustable volume, headphone connectivity, recording, playback, and music learning apps.

Structure of the Piano

The structure of a piano can vary slightly between acoustic and digital pianos, but generally includes the following main parts:

The Mechanism (Action)

  1. The central part that translates the player’s keypress into sound.
  2. Consists of many small components such as the piano hammer, fingers, and transmission mechanism.
  3. Causes the hammer to strike the strings to produce sound.


  1. Made of steel, varying in length and thickness to create different musical notes.
  2. Stretched over the piano frame and fixed by tuning pins.
  3. When the hammer strikes the strings, they vibrate and produce sound.


  1. Made of cast iron or steel, providing strength and stability to the piano.
  2. Holds other parts of the piano together.
  3. Affects the piano’s sound.


  1. Made of spruce wood, amplifying the sound of the strings.
  2. The larger and thicker it is, the louder and warmer the sound.
  3. One of the most important factors affecting the quality of a piano’s sound.


  1. Consists of 88 white and black keys, corresponding to 7 notes and 5 semitones.
  2. When a player presses a key, the mechanism is activated to produce sound.
  3. The material and weight of the keys affect the playing feel.


There are three main pedals:

  1. Sustain pedal: Prolongs the sound.
  2. Una corda pedal: Reduces volume and creates a “soft” effect.
  3. Sostenuto pedal: Sustains the sound of certain notes while playing others.


  1. Protects the internal components of the piano.
  2. Can be made of wood, plastic, or metal.
  3. Affects the piano’s aesthetics and value.

Other parts include

  1. Bridge: Transmits vibrations from the strings to the soundboard.
  2. Tuning Pins: Adjust string tension.
  3. Regulation Screws: Adjust the action’s sensitivity and precision.

Suitable Age for Learning Piano

Learning to play the piano is not age-restricted, but different age groups have their own advantages and limitations:



  1. Fast learners, easily form habits and reflexes.
  2. Less affected by worries or self-doubt.
  3. Brain is in a phase of strong development, learning piano stimulates thinking, memory, and creativity.


  1. Limited concentration and perseverance.
  2. Muscles and fine motor skills are not fully developed, may struggle with playing complex pieces.



  1. Better concentration and perseverance.
  2. Clearer understanding of learning goals.
  3. Can absorb musical knowledge logically and systematically.


  1. Busy schedules with academics and extracurricular activities, which may affect time for piano practice.
  2. Easily distracted by external factors.



  1. High self-discipline and responsibility.
  2. Clear and specific learning goals.
  3. Rich knowledge and life experience make learning piano meaningful and enjoyable.


  1. Learning new knowledge may be slower compared to children.
  2. Stiff muscles and joints may make practicing some complex piano techniques difficult.

Overall, the best time to learn piano is when you feel ready physically, mentally, and have enough motivation to pursue your passion for music.

Determine Your Needs

You need to clearly define the goals of buying a piano, including: Who is it for? What is the playing level? What is the intended use?

Choose the Appropriate Type of Piano

  1. Acoustic Piano: Great sound, authentic feel, high price, requires maintenance, takes up space.
  2. Digital Piano: Affordable, compact, many features, sound quality not as good as an acoustic piano.


Piano prices vary widely across different segments. Therefore, players need to carefully consider their finances before purchasing to avoid exceeding their budget.

Choose Reputable Brands

Renowned brands such as Yamaha, Kawai, Roland, Casio, etc., often have high durability and precise sound quality.

Buy from a Reputable Store

When buying a piano, customers should choose a store that guarantees quality and has a good warranty policy. Additionally, you will be able to try the piano before purchasing to ensure its suitability. At PianosintheParks.com, we meet all the criteria for credibility and offer a wide variety of models to satisfy our customers.

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